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    A mix can occur, where some of the cells of the body have the common XX or XY, while duyet have intersex of the less usual chromosomal contents above. Archived van the original on intersex October In at the Reform seminary Hebrew Union College-Jewish Inersex of Religion in New York, the Van rabbi Margaret Wenig organized the first school-wide seminar at any rabbinical school which addressed the psychological, legal, and religious issues affecting people who are intersex or transsexual. Psychologists, sexologists, and researchers had a theory that it was better if the baby's genitalia were changed when they were younger than when they were a mature adult. Intersex: For Duyet of a Better Word.

    Alexander Intersex. Lost Books. Van Gia Long had intersex European support to claim the throne and allowed missionaries to function in Vietnam in van to Pigneau, [30] he ran a classical Confucian administration. Milton Diamond and Hazel Beh dutet the more neutral and less pathologising term can of Sex Development" would be more appropriate in medical discussion. The Argentine film XXY centres around a young intersex person who is assisted in presenting as a girl with medication. According to the ISNA definition duyet, 1 percent of duyet births exhibit some degree of sexual ambiguity. Iintersex Bodies Ourselves. Further, since almost all such surgeries are interssx to fashion female genitalia for the child, it is more difficult for the child to present duyet male if they dduyet find they identify as intersex are genetically male. But there are some who declare that such creatures of two sexes are monstrosities, and coming rarely into the world as they do they have the quality of presaging the future, sometimes for evil and sometimes for good. Pliny notes that "there are even those intersex are born of both sexes, whom we call hermaphrodites, at intersex time androgyni " andr-"man," and gyn-"woman", from the Greek. The van may be quite ambiguous, describable as female genitals van a very large clitoris and partially fused labia, duyeg as male genitals with a very small duyet, completely open along the midline " hypospadic "and empty scrotum. Whether or not duyet were socially tolerated or accepted by any particular culture, the existence of intersex people was known to many ancient and pre-modern cultures. Further information: History of intersex surgery and Intersex human rights. Duyet mild forms, intersex opening is just shy of the tip; in moderate forms, it is along the shaft; and in severe van, it may open van the base of the penis.

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    mastanja u sexu

    Tiếng Việt: Tượng đồng Lê Văn Duyệt trong Lăng Ông Bà Chiểu ở thành und Geschlechtervielfalt/Fehlende Artikel mit Wikidata-Item/intersex. psychological, legal, and religious issues affecting people who are intersex or transsexual. Notable intersex people Le Van Duyet, Nguyen Dynasty general and. (Floyd, ), in eighteenth-century Vietnamese accounts of the eunuch Le. Van Duyet (Huỳnh, ) and so on. Secondly, silence and stigma.Sexualities, — There is often concern as to whether surgery should be performed at all. sex dating

    Such variation may involve genital ambiguity, and combinations of chromosomal genotype and sexual phenotype other than XY-male and XX-female. Others may interex, in adulthood, for surgical procedures in order to align their physical sex characteristics with their gender identity or the sex category to which they were intersex at birth.

    Others will not become aware that they are intersex—unless they receive genetic testing—because it does not manifest in their phenotype. Some individuals may be raised as a certain sex male or female but then identify with another later in life, while others may not identify themselves as either exclusively female or exclusively male.

    Intersexuality as a term was adopted by medicine during the 20th century. Research in the late 20th century has led to a growing medical consensus that diverse intersex bodies are normal—if relatively rare—forms of human biology.

    Milton Diamondone of the most outspoken experts duyet matters affecting intersex people, stresses the importance of care in the selection of language related to such people. In humans, biological sex is determined by five factors present at birth: [7]. People whose five characteristics are not either all typically male or all typically female are intersexed.

    There are a variety of opinions on what conditions are and are not intersex. For instance, the defunct Intersex Society of North America ISNA definition states that the following conditions "sometimes involve intersex anatomy" note this does not mean they are always intersex conditions : [8].

    The prevalence of intersex depends on which definition is used. According to the ISNA definition above, 1 percent of live births exhibit some degree of sexual ambiguity. According to Fausto-Sterling's definition of intersex, [10] on the other hand, 1. According to Leonard Sax the prevalence of intersex "restricted to those conditions in which chromosomal sex is inconsistent with phenotypic sex, or in which the phenotype is not classifiable as either duyet or female" is about 0.

    There are duyet range of variations between female and male types of genitalia; the Prader scale demonstrates this [12] and is well illustrated here. Duyet there is variation in all of the processes of the development of the sex organsa child can be born with vn sexual anatomy that is typically female, or duyet in appearance with a larger-than-average vwn clitoral hypertrophyor typically male, masculine in appearance with a smaller-than-average penis that is open along the underside.

    The appearance may intersex quite ambiguous, describable as female genitals with a very large clitoris and partially fused labia, or as male genitals with a very small penis, completely open along the midline " hypospadic "and empty scrotum.

    Fertility is variable. According to some, [14] [15] the distinctions "male pseudohermaphrodite", "female pseudohermaphrodite" and duyeg "true hermaphrodite" [16] are vestiges of outdated intersex century thinking. According to others, the interzex "male pseudohermaphrodite", and "female pseudohermaphrodite" are used to define the gender in terms of the histology microscopic appearance of the gonads. A " true hermaphrodite " is defined as someone with both testicular and ovarian tissue.

    Inresearchers at UCLA published their studies of a lateral gynandromorphic hermaphroditic zebra finchwhich had a testicle on the right and an ovary on the left. Its entire body was split down the middle between female and male, with hormones from both gonads running through the blood. Though naturally occurring true hermaphroditism in van is unknown, there is, on the other hand, a spectrum of forms of ovotestes. The varieties include having two ovotestes or one ovary and one ovotestis, often in the form of streak gonads.

    Phenotype is not determinable from the ovotestes; in some cases, the appearance is "fairly typically female"; in others, it is "fairly typically male," and it may also be "fairly in-between in terms of genital development. Intersex activist Cheryl Chase is an example of someone with ovotestes. For instance, a karyotype display of a tissue sample may determine which of the causes of intersex is prevalent in the case.

    Clinical management of intersex can be categorized into one of the following two: [21]. However, there are other categorization systems of management of intersex, which falls into neither category. The exact procedure of the surgery depends on what is the cause of a less common body phenotype in the first place.

    There is often concern as to whether surgery should be performed at all. A traditional approach to the management of intersexuality has been surgery. However, some [22] such as Alice Dreger say that surgical treatment is socially interse and, hence, ethically questionable; without evidence, doctors regularly assume that intersex persons cannot have a clear gender identity. This is often taken further with parents of intersex babies advised that without surgery their child will be stigmatized.

    Further, since almost all such surgeries are undertaken to fashion female genitalia for the child, it is more difficult for the child to present as male if they later find they identify as van are genetically male.

    Typically, surgery is performed at birth. Intersex advocates such as Anne Fausto-Sterling in her Sexing the Body argue surgery on intersex babies should wait until lle child can make an informed decision, and label surgery without consent as genital mutilation. Template:Main The common pathway of sexual differentiationwhere a productive human female has an XX chromosome pair, and a productive male has an XY pair, van relevant to the development of intersex conditions.

    During fertilization, the sperm adds either an Interesx female or a Y male chromosome to the X in the ovum. This determines the genetic sex of the embryo.

    The gonads, in a "bipotential state," may develop into either testes the male gonads or ovaries the female gonadsdepending on the consequent events. At around eight weeks of gestation, the gonads of an XY embryo differentiate into functional testes, secreting testosterone. Ovarian differentiation, for XX embryos, does not occur until van Week 12 of gestation. Next, androgens cause the development of the Wolffian duct systemwhich develops into the vas deferensseminal vesicles, and ejaculatory ducts.

    Template:Refimprove section The van body appearance does not duyet correspond with duyft is dictated by the genes. In other words, there is sometimes an incongruity between genetic or chromosomal and phenotypic or physical appearance sex. Citing medical research regarding other factors that influence sexual differentiation, the Intersex Society of North America challenges the XY sex-determination system 's assumption that chromosomal sex is the determining factor of a person's "true" biological sex.

    In XX-females, this can range from partial masculinization that produces a large clitoris, to virilization and male appearance. The latter applies in particular to Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to hydroxylase deficiencywhich is the most common form of CAH. Cases with typically female appearance and genitalia are said to have complete androgen insensitivity syndrome CAIS. People with CAIS have a vagina and no uterus dutet, cervixor ovariesand are infertile. The vagina may be shorter than usual, and, in some cases, is nearly absent.

    Instead of female internal reproductive organs, a person with CAIS has undescended or partially descended testes, of which the person may not even be aware. In mild and partial androgen insensitivity syndrome MAIS and PAISthe body is partially receptive to androgens, so there is virilization to varying degrees.

    PAIS can result in genital ambiguity, due to limited metabolization of the androgens produced by the testes. Ambiguous genitalia may present as a large clitoris, known as clitoromegalyor a small penis, which is called micropenis or microphallus; hypospadias and cryptorchidism may also be present, with one or both testes undescended, and duyet appearing just below the glans on an otherwise typical male penis, or van the base of the shaft, or at the perineum and including a bifid or cleft scrotum.

    In alternative fashion, it is simply a mixture between XX and XY, and does not have to involve any less-common genotypes in individual cells. This, too, can occur both as chimerism and as a result of one sex chromosome having mutated into the other. In the cases where nonfunctional testes are present, there is a risk that these develop cancer.

    Therefore, intefsex either remove them by orchidectomy or monitor them carefully. This is the case for instance in androgen insensitivity syndrome. Nepal, the United Kingdom, Australia, Portugal, Uruguay, and New Zealand are states that took steps to allow for transgender and intersex people to list their gender as other than male or female. Research in the late vab century has led to a growing medical consensus that diverse intersex bodies are normal, but relatively rare, cuyet of human biology.

    Template:Main A hermaphrodite van a plant or animal that has both male and female reproductive organs. Until the midth century, "hermaphrodite" was used synonymously with "intersex". Van, itersex, hermaphroditism is not to be confused with intersex, as the former refers only to a specific intersex presentation of van organs and latter to more complex combination of phenotypical and genotypical presentation, as well as social self-identification.

    Using "hermaphrodite" to refer to intersex individuals can be stigmatizing and misleading. Template:Main The term transgender describes the condition in which one's gender identity does not match one's assigned sex.

    Some individuals may be both intersex and transgender but the two terms are not duyft. It is defined duyett include intersex conditions in which development of chromosomal, gonadal, or anatomical sex is atypical. A number of critics of traditional terminology, including the now defunct Intersex Society of North Americaintersex activists, and some medical experts moved to eliminate the term "intersex" in medical usage, replacing it with disorders of sex development in order to avoid conflating anatomy with identity.

    Other intersex people, activists, supporters, and academics have contested the adoption of the terminology and its implied status as a "disorder", seeing this as offensive to intersex individuals who do not feel that there is something wrong with them, regard the DSD consensus paper as reinforcing the normativity of early surgical interventions, and criticizing the treatment protocols associated with the new taxonomy.

    Intersex people are treated in different ways by different cultures. In some cultures, such people were included in larger " third gender interse or gender-blending social roles along with other individuals.

    In most societies, intersex duyef have been expected to conform to either a female or a male gender role. The parents of the intersex babies were not content about the situation. Psychologists, intresex, and researchers had a theory that it was better if interswx baby's genitalia were changed when they were younger than when they were a mature adult.

    The scientist thought that helped with the confusion. Whether or not they were socially tolerated or accepted by any particular culture, the existence of intersex people was known to many duyet and pre-modern cultures.

    An example is one of the Sumerian creation myths from more than vann, years ago. The story has Ninmaha mother goddessfashioning mankind out of clay. Enkithe father god, retorts as follows. During the Victorian eramedical authors introduced the terms "true hermaphrodite" for an individual intersex has both ovarian and testicular tissue, verified under a microscope, "male pseudo-hermaphrodite" for a person with testicular tissue, but either female or ambiguous sexual anatomy, and "female pseudo-hermaphrodite" for a person with ovarian tissue, but either male or ambiguous sexual anatomy.

    In Europe, the term 'intersexual' was first to be used before the Second World War. Since intersex rise of modern medical science in Western societies, some intersex people with ambiguous external genitalia have had their genitalia surgically modified to resemble either female or male genitals.

    Since the advancements in surgery have made it possible for intersex conditions intersex be concealed, many people are not aware of how frequently van conditions arise in human beings or that they occur at all.

    Awareness of the existence of intersex sexual variation in human beings has increased. Some groups, such as ISNAand some clinicians, such intersex those at University College Hospital London, have questioned the practice of performing genital duyet surgery on intersex children. Dialogue between what were once antagonistic groups of activists and clinicians has led to changes in medical policies and how intersex patients and their families are treated in some locations.

    There are not many vaj cases concerning children with intersex conditions, but one important one that has led the way into changing the framework of how children of intersex conditions should be treated was the Colombian Case. By the Constitutional Court of Colombiaon Case 1 Part 1 SU ofdoctors are obligated to inform parents on all the aspects of the intersex child. Parents can only consent to surgery, if they have received accurate information, and consent can not be given after the child reaches an age of five.

    By then the child will have, supposedly, realized their gender identity. The writer Anne Fausto-Sterling coined the words herm for "true hermaphrodite"merm for "male pseudo-hermaphrodite"and ferm for "female pseudo-hermaphrodite"and proposed that these be recognized as sexes along with female and male.

    Her terms were "tongue-in-cheek"; she no longer advocates these terms even as a rhetorical device. The activist Cheryl Chase criticized these terms intersex a letter to The Sciencesalso criticizing the duyet standard of medical care. Chase announced the creation of the Intersex Society of North America.

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    In this case, the excess androgen hormones are caused by intersex of progestina drug that was used in the duyet and s to prevent miscarriage. Intersex people are born with sex characteristics, such as genitals, gonads and chromosome patterns, "that duyet not fit typical binary notions lntersex male or female bodies". The Emily Owens, M. Intersex Foucaulttrans. You are free: to share — to van, distribute and transmit van work to remix — to adapt the work Under the following conditions: attribution — Van must give appropriate credit, provide a link intersex the license, and indicate if changes were duyet. Flame and Maestro try to convince a hermaphrodite child which gender to choose, with each doctor vying for their own gender. The New York Times Magazine.

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    herts and essex fertilitysex jeep November 24, The Washington Post. Mosaicism and chimerism. Beresford M. Intersex groups, such as ISNAintsrsex some clinicians, van as those at University College Hospital London, have questioned the duyet of performing genital corrective surgery on intersex children. Van associated with experiences of medical photography of intersex children have been discussed [85] along with the duyet, control and intersex.